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Damascus Ma'loula


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Art in Amrit

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 Art in Amrit


Though the stones of Amrit were not suitable for decoration , they provided a lot of great stones which carry a type of decoration .

Where as, the stones of statues were brought from different areas . the art of construction and sculpture had witnessed a tangible development which refered to the greatness of the city . It depended on the stones' engraving and the discuse of adhesive materials , and replacing the materials , sometimes , by lead and  Sharareef.

This appears clearly in the Temple , the Cemetery , the Playground , the Church site , and Bazak Tower .

As for the ornament by Sharareef and engraved lying lions , it was impressed by the Egyptian , Presian , and Greek types , as this beach was . The meeting point of important civilizations    across the sea , and the continuity of trade relations , wars or raids .

Concerning the statues of the gods and the persons , they were impressed by the Egyptian art , in costume and decoration , or by the physiognomy and standing on complete instep . This is obvious in the statues of Melkart , The sphinx and others . Also , the man like coffins , which were discovered recently in the area between / 1989 1994 / , were collected from Egyptian , Greek , and Palmyrain elements in a way which distinguished the Phoenician art , and they were from the 5th century B.C . The artistic discoveries continued until the end of the Byzantine era . in 1970 , a mosaic portrait was foud at the nursery area about 100m far from Maratous river , and it kept its original form until now also, mosaic rooms were found scattered in various places of Amrit from the / 3rd / 4th / century B.C .



The coins of Amrit


A lot of Arwadian coins appeared in large areas of land in Amrit . Also , coins , called the Maratous , were stamped at different time in the / 2nd 3rd / century B.C . This means that Amrit was of an important economic position position . On the coins , there was a picture of a barbate god crowned by bag , and this refers to Zeus the god of strom ( saint of univers ) , Asklibus ( the curing god ) , Hermes holiding a caduceus of tow snakes and tow wings at the top , and , also Apolon .



The Religion


 Amrit had Know a large number of gods , and glorified them , and the coins and statues refered to them , such as Zeus , Askilibus , Bosidoun , Hermes and Apolon . The Maratousian had participated with the Arwadians in the celebrations and fests of Apolonia . As a result of this contact , some people carry the name of Apolon in Amrit . Also , we find the stony statues ( Melkart , Hercules , the Sphinx , and heads of priests ) . There is the little inscription which was found on a shaft from the ( 5th 6th ) century B.C . written by a servant to his god Shedrafa because he heard the voice of his master . This inscription represented the oldest mention of Shedrafa whose name is mentioned , after that , in the Phonecian , Palmyrian , and African inscriptions which were found in Syria under the name : Strabees . The name seems to be consisted of tow parts which mean ( the soul of recovery ) . Concerning the ritual celebrations and room process at the temple , they were , sometimes , practiced by the boats ,the results of the successive seasons of digs referred to the existence of many statues and parts of ex-voto statues . It gives a clear idea about the people and their social position , and they were presenting , according to their abilities , sacrifices to the gods , such as ( animal pomegarante , Lanner , and dove ) , and ababy , sometimes , if something dangerous happened .




1-Art in Amrit The coins of Amrit The Religion 

 2-Amrit Ruins The Temple   Amrit Hill   The Rock House   The Mauseleums

  3- Azar Vaults Al-Buzzak Tower Al-Buzzak Tower  Rom  Al-Zaha     The Port 

4-Water Tunnels The stone Wall   Kherbet Allebneh  The Human Settlement

 5-Tal Kazal 

 Ramat Al- Bassah / Hamad Land /Tal Almontar Tabet Alhamam Samerian Hill

 Tal Leha 


Art in Amrit

Azar Vaults 

Amrit Ruins

Tal al kazal

Water Tunnels



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