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History of Syria

General information

Damascus Ma'loula


Homs Palmyra

Hama Apamea

Sweida shahba

Daraa Bosra

Latakia Ugarit



Art in Amrit

Azar Vaults 

Amrit Ruins

Tal al kazal

Water Tunnels


Deir Ezzor Mari









 Azar Vaults  


This located in the plain which stretched between Tartous and Amrit , and on the western side of the road under the sand dunes . It is from the Phoenician , Greek , and Roman era .

The general office ruins and museums gave them a great care . It made several seasons of digs with the help of Prof. Naseeb Salibi , and this led to the discovery a group of collective vaults and individual tombs which are very simple with no sings of grandeur .

Some of them are entered through a tight stone door by drawing it . In it , they found lead coffins decorated by grapes tufts and the goddess of victory .

Another ones contain coffins without having any obvious sings on the face . It seems that the respect of the dead is not shown by the sings and external aspects which please the viewer as Mr. Rynan mentions , but the respect comes out in the fine things which were put inside the coffins ( Jewels , glasses like golden leaves , golden head band , precious stones .)

During the driving away of soil and sand , marble statue of god Bakhus was found . It is a naked child, round body and short of head , carrying in his left hand two tufts of grapes and a robe hanging like a fall .

Mr. Earnest Rynan mentions a stone coffin with an engraved head like the one which was discovered in Saidoun , but it was not of marbel. It was from the volcanic stone which is known in Safita. Also , two alike coffins of marble were found . They are in the Lover museum now .

In / 1996 / , A familial Phoenician vault was found from the ( 4th 5th ) century B.C , engraved in the rock . It is entered by stairs which reach a corridor having individual tombs. It is / 9 / tombs. The burying was done by wooden coffins which were consumed by time and humidity in four of them , while the other five ones , the burying is done by human like pottery coffins , well done , and impressed by Egyptian , Palmyrian , and Cyprian art . The Cyperian art is obvious in the head cap , the lotus , the earings , the hairstyle , the eyes , and the tips ( jutting out or reserved ) .

This refers that they are from the same period, the same school, and the same workshop.

All faces have a careless smile, and receiving death acceptably , peacefully and with fear.

Al-Buzzak Tower

It is a cubic familial vault, built by huge engraved stones of different sizes, crowned by a cornice . Its height is / 11m / , and consisted of two floors .

Each floor is one room whose door is in the northern wall. It is from the (5th 6th 0 century B.C. Some instaurations were done in / 1984 / .

Rom  Al-Zaha

( جمالون Truss )

To the east- south of Amrit temple , about / 1200 m / far from it , and next to the main road , a wonderful cemetery is located and spread over large areas . It gave different examples of tombs which are built of sand stone, such as:

a- Individual whose roof is flat or truss .

b-  Double , a wall in the middle , and the roof is truss .

c- Engraved in fragile rock as an individual tombs.

The burying is done by wooden coffins, and this is clear because of the existence of worn out wood on the top and bottom of the skeletons because of humidity and time . Or the dead is put only on backboards or in marble stone coffins . The body was sculptured like the Egyptian mummy, whereas the head was sculptured in a Greek way .  It is a clear example on the art of delicate repousse sculpture and ornament .

- In the first coffin , the face is cheeky with a wide and straight nose , and thick lips . Paint hints are shown on the grains of the head's ornament , and this shows that the colors were removed because of humidity and the penetration of water .

- On the second coffin , the sculpture of Heira's face ( the goddess of heaven , the sister in law of Zeus , and the goddess of marriage and women in the Greek mythology . This sculpture is the one which protects the dead from the misuse of the burglars  of ruins.

Also , this cemetery has , in one of its individual tombs , a marble coffin whose cover is truss , and the dead was put in it in a wooden coffin .

No trove was found in or next to these coffins. They are like the coffin group of Saidoun which goes back to the ( 4th 5th ) century B.C .

Note :  All the skeletons were found in the coffins and tombs , and they refer to a strong structure , and long arms because of the existence of the whole of the hand's bones between the thighs .

The Port

The contact with Award and the Mediteranean world . It is located a little bit to the south of Martias river . It is covered by the sand dunes and the reeds . As a result of the digs between / 1992 1993 / , a lot of its paved stones were discovered to assure its site with no doubt . Man , wind , and water had affected it . The references shows that it flourished , especially , in the ( 4th 5th ) century B.C .

- The institutions are straddled near it . The site , known as the basement , is one of its lodgings .

-  A collection of crystal white marble Corinthian chapiters and footstalls have been found near it .

-  The excavation of a bath floor , paved by square pavements , consists of three layes pervaded by fictile plates , and a mosaic floor near it .

-  A good residential level which goes back to the ( 3 rd 4 th ) century B.C .

- Sand layer .

- Bases for residential institutions which were built by small and big stones . It includes the potter of the ( 3 rd 4th ) century B.C. Also , the successive of digs' operations will uncover the essential nature of the area , and reveal it clearly . Because a city , like Amrit , spread over wide areas of land , and is considered the continental part of Arwad , it flourished in different periods . It must have large port for a flourished economic life whether by trade or agriculture , and the muchness of coins is the best reference for its activity in this field .




1-Art in Amrit The coins of Amrit The Religion 

 2-Amrit Ruins The Temple   Amrit Hill   The Rock House   The Mauseleums

  3- Azar Vaults Al-Buzzak Tower Al-Buzzak Tower  Rom  Al-Zaha     The Port 

4-Water Tunnels The stone Wall   Kherbet Allebneh  The Human Settlement

 5-Tal Kazal 

 Ramat Al- Bassah / Hamad Land /Tal Almontar Tabet Alhamam Samerian Hill

 Tal Leha 


Art in Amrit

Azar Vaults 

Amrit Ruins

Tal al kazal

Water Tunnels




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