Amrit Hill The Rock House
The Temple :
a trough digged in the rock . It is measures are / 56.33 cm × 50.49 m /
. whereas , its pool is / 38 × 48 m / . It has a corridor , columns ,
and thresholds decorated by Sharareef. Among them , there are gargoyles
engraved like the lion head in a presian style . The water of the
corridor's roof inclines toward the pool . In the eastern wall , there
is a holy spring , and an engraved canal in its eastern and southern
which is used for purgation , and another one digged in the corridor for
drinking .Whereas , the drain is situated in the northern side .
temple is centered by the alter which is decorated by Sharareef and
corbels of Egyptian style . It was dedicated to Melkart ( The Vulnerary
god ) .
roaming around the alter is done in the corridors or by small boats in
the surrounding pool .
Lucian , the historian , had mentioned an a like temple in Monbej (
Heirapolis ) . Several seasons of digs and instaurations had been made .
Fictile vessels were found such as purgamy plates , decorated ,tazzas ,
ex-Voted sculptures , Rhodesian jars' ears , and glass crack . It goes
back to the 4th or 5th century B.C .
existence of holes in Columns' corners worthsmention . It allows to put
the finger – the finger of the sick – or hang something – maybe the
is the most famous hill in the area . And it is considered the
residential city . It is / 140 × 110 m / , and no more than / 17 m /
high. Near it , there is a sprung for drinking know as the hill spring ,
and another one ( about 300 m to the west ) know as the spring of life .
of digs were done there . Proffessor Donan , Dr. Albuni , and Mr.Salibi
. had participated in them in the ( 4th – 5th )
century B.C . levels , the 1st Bronze age and Mid Bronze age
levels / 1750 – 1350 B.C > / , and another exploration about / 5 m /
deep between / 200 / 2150 / B.C . This is the period which the Amorits ,
had established some cities on the coast , and Amrit could be considered
from this era .
- Sacred things loding :
It is located
to the west of the temple . It is a hillock ( small hill ) Know as the
quarry . Mr.Morice Donan found , in 1927 , a group of statues and parts
of statues engraved of lime stone impressed by the Egyptian , Presian ,
and Cyperian art .
, the digs' seasons of the fifties brought about statues ' heads crowned
by bay and some fictile toys from the ( 4th - 5th
) century B.C . they are exhibited in Damascus , Tartous , and Arwad
People Knew it
as the church site . It is engraved in the rock . It western frontage is
/ 30 m / long of different heights , and it is about / 80 m / thick . It
consists of three rooms whose walls are from the rock itself
- The Stadium
is about / 300 m / to the north and eastern – north of the temple ,
engraved in the rock , and worn in some of its parts . Insomuch , some
parts of it were removed . It is eastern parties like a horseshoe with
tow corridors which allow the contestants to go in and out of the
playground . Also , there is another corridor in the southern part like
a tunnel . It is / 230 × 30 m / . It consists of seven gardes , and
seats about / 11200 / spectators .
Rhodesian pots and parts of huge pots with crosses and different saddles
were found in it . It looks like the stadium of Alice city in Greece
with a slight different in length . It could be considered one of the
Olympiad stadiums in which games were taken place at that time ( running
It represents funeral statues or huge engraved tomb stones which
belonged to the kings of Amrit and Arwad , or therich . It is from the (
5th – 6th ) century B.C . Since , there aren't any
writings , so the owner is unknown
- The First
: It is pyramidal .
It consists of a cubic base which ends by corbels , and , over it ,
there is a barrel crowned by a pyramid . It is entered through a
corridor having stairs engraved in the rock . Next to it , there are
individual tombs . The corridor ends by tow successive rooms : the first
one contains individual tombs , while in the second , there is a terrace
in the middle to put the householder's coffin
- the second :
It has domes . It is a square base headed by a barred decorated by
Sharareef , followed by another barred , smaller than the first , in the
form of a dome decorated by Sharareef. An engraved corridor leads to the
vault . It has stairs which reach two successive rooms
B- ACollective vault :
located slightly to the east of the mauseleum . It contains tow rooms
and individual tombs and another vault having long individual tombs
memorial : It
has a cubic form . It consists of tow masses of huge stones . Having
corbels by impressed the Egyptian art.
Individual or collective vaults :
It spreads over large areas like wells engraved in the rock . The
individual tombs are distributed inside them
Amrit The coins
Amrit Hill The Rock
Vaults Al-Buzzak Tower Al-Buzzak
Tower Rom Al-Zaha The Port
Tabet Alhamam Samerian
Art in Amrit
Tal al kazal