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Tal al kazal

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Amrit

 

  Tal al kazal

 

The natural site of Tal Kazal area between Lebanon mountains and Lattakia mountains , penetrated by the great river, Al-Abrash river ,

hill ) south of Homs .  It controls the crossing ways and the borders area.The control mission was so hard for the far central government and Somor had to catch the chance in order to play a major role and have the commercial utility benefiting from its site like any local country .
It seems that the tumular country of this area was the site of Amoro Kingdom , and this is known from the royalist chancery of Al-Amarnah Egypt . The Hittite chancery in bogazkoy ( The Anatole ) , and in Uagrite chancery between the two empires (The Egyptian and Hittite ) . The activities of Amoro kings were so important , for instance , we read in Al-Amarnah hill letter ( No . 101 ) , that Pharaoh Amonophis the 3rd   addressed  Amoro Abid Ashirta , the Amorite sagamore , to assign him the mission of protecting the interests in Syria . Probably , the later had the chance to enlarge his regions , political , and economical weight from Somor to Byblos gates . His son Aziro had followed the same policy. He became more and more independent , enlarged his regions and power , outnumbered his raids and allieds from Ugarite  to Saidoun along the coast , also inside the country , and had destroyed the unaligned city of Somor before his surrender to Shobilolima, the Great Hittite tyrant .
And when the Pharaoh of Egypt asked him to rebuild it , Aziro promised to do that in a year , but the pressure of the enemies on him was so hard . This Kingdom moved to authority of the Hittite empire about / 1350 / B.C. till its end about / 1200 / B.C .
Somor had reached it utmost abilities in the political and economical development through its fleet , overseas relations , or using new area of woody hill for agriculture . By doing this , it made a new way . Consequently , this helped to double the relations with the internal Syrian cities . So , it was really the major site in the area even before the appearance of the Modern Egyptian Kingdom . By its fall , a new division happened in its contestant area. So, the sea- lanes became under the authority of Arwad , and the caravans' ways in Amoro hands . And it had a little importance during the AsSyrian era , flourished during the Persian era , became subject to Arwad when Alexandar came , had a civilizational level during the Hellenistic era , declined during the Roman era,and became a military station for watching without any important buildings . It was eradicated Just as a lot of the distributed ports along the Phoenician coast such as Arwad , Carna and Maratos . The small towns vanished on the behalf of the big cities . Consequently , Tartous city came into existence.
Archaeological digs were done at Tal Kazal in / 1956 / by Mr. Donan jointly with the General Office of Ruins and Musuems ( Prof. Nasseb Salibi ) .
Immediately , the Hellenistic layer appeared with its fictile fractions , then the  Iron Age with fictile vessels,then the Modern Bronze layer . And fictile fractions decorated by black and red linear decorations ,appeared.The appearance of the fractions,the Phoenician and Cyperian vessels , fractions of priest' head from the Presian era , the ( 1st and 2nd ) Iron age , a the Mid Bronze , and a part of the wall ,had proceeded .
The inhabitants quitted the hill to the next village that carries its name . The digs were resumed in / 1985 / by a co-expedition of the General Office of Ruins  and Musuems and the American University .The successive results yielded good groups of ruins , which go back to different times / Egyptian Presian / , Phoenician letters ( 2 pcs ) , a silver coin , and number of Bronze coins . Also , it yielded the wall , whose history might be defined by strate-graphy , that is connected to the inner side of the hill , parts of fictile statues which represent priest's head of different from , and go back to the Iron Age / 7 9 / century B.C , fictile vessels from the Bronze Age / 14 / century B.C , and land marks of a palace from the / 11 / century B.C . whose walls are built of sandstones and adobe , covered by daub , then by sea shells , and this is a unique phenomena which appears for the first time in the area . Also , fictile cups and colored incense vessels, which were found , were used in the temples , and they are from the / 13 14 / century B.C . This refers that there was a temple . The remains of its walls , also , are pixed by huge sandstones , and of a paved surface which indicates the existence of an important building . The future digs will uncover these land marks ,reveal them clearly , and show the history of this area and   its contribution in the chain of the human rise and development .
The reference books :
- Archaeological digs seasons : Dr. Laila Badr .
- The Study of Homs gap : Talman .
- The study of Homs gap : Jan Sabon .
- The archaeological annuals : Vol . 36 37 .
It is one of the biggest hill in the area , which forms a joint among the archaeological hills / Araka Al jamous . / . And over topped by Hellenistic parts , and some Roman and Hellenistic coins .
 
Tal Basis
 
It is one of the biggest hill in the area , which forms a joint among the archaeological hills / Araka Al jamous . / . And over topped by Hellenistic parts , and some Roman and Hellenistic coins .
Dr. Talman made some digs in / 1987 / , making use of a water well / digged in 1985 / . His work was in the / 2 3 4 / old Bronze layers .
And he got a collection of good ficitile parts which are kept in Tartous museum . Also , he found buildings' bases , a wall , and a ground of daub . He reached the Neo-Lithic layer , and this is an important civilizational discovery of the area . Wide digs are awaited to uncover the history of this area and its contribution to the humanity .
- / 29 29,8 m / level goes back to the end of 15th century and the beginning of the 14th century B.C .
- / 29.8 32.4 m / the house from the 3rd Old Bronze .
- / 32.4 35.7 m / 4th Old Bronze levels .
- / 35.7 36.2 m / 1st mid Bronze .
- / 36.2 37 m / 2nd Mid Bronze .
 
The reference books :
The study of Homs
gap Tal Basis : Dr 
talman .
 

 

The natural site of Tal Kazal area between Lebanon mountains and Lattakia mountains , penetrated by the great river, Al-Abrash river ,

hill ) south of Homs .  It controls the crossing ways and the borders area.The control mission was so hard for the far central government and Somor had to catch the chance in order to play a major role and have the commercial utility benefiting from its site like any local country .
It seems that the tumular country of this area was the site of Amoro Kingdom , and this is known from the royalist chancery of Al-Amarnah Egypt . The Hittite chancery in bogazkoy ( The Anatole ) , and in Uagrite chancery between the two empires (The Egyptian and Hittite ) . The activities of Amoro kings were so important , for instance , we read in Al-Amarnah hill letter ( No . 101 ) , that Pharaoh Amonophis the 3rd   addressed  Amoro Abid Ashirta , the Amorite sagamore , to assign him the mission of protecting the interests in Syria . Probably , the later had the chance to enlarge his regions , political , and economical weight from Somor to Byblos gates . His son Aziro had followed the same policy. He became more and more independent , enlarged his regions and power , outnumbered his raids and allieds from Ugarite  to Saidoun along the coast , also inside the country , and had destroyed the unaligned city of Somor before his surrender to Shobilolima, the Great Hittite tyrant .
And when the Pharaoh of Egypt asked him to rebuild it , Aziro promised to do that in a year , but the pressure of the enemies on him was so hard . This Kingdom moved to authority of the Hittite empire about / 1350 / B.C. till its end about / 1200 / B.C .
Somor had reached it utmost abilities in the political and economical development through its fleet , overseas relations , or using new area of woody hill for agriculture . By doing this , it made a new way . Consequently , this helped to double the relations with the internal Syrian cities . So , it was really the major site in the area even before the appearance of the Modern Egyptian Kingdom . By its fall , a new division happened in its contestant area. So, the sea- lanes became under the authority of Arwad , and the caravans' ways in Amoro hands . And it had a little importance during the AsSyrian era , flourished during the Persian era , became subject to Arwad when Alexandar came , had a civilizational level during the Hellenistic era , declined during the Roman era,and became a military station for watching without any important buildings . It was eradicated Just as a lot of the distributed ports along the Phoenician coast such as Arwad , Carna and Maratos . The small towns vanished on the behalf of the big cities . Consequently , Tartous city came into existence.
Archaeological digs were done at Tal Kazal in / 1956 / by Mr. Donan jointly with the General Office of Ruins and Musuems ( Prof. Nasseb Salibi ) .
Immediately , the Hellenistic layer appeared with its fictile fractions , then the  Iron Age with fictile vessels,then the Modern Bronze layer . And fictile fractions decorated by black and red linear decorations ,appeared.The appearance of the fractions,the Phoenician and Cyperian vessels , fractions of priest' head from the Presian era , the ( 1st and 2nd ) Iron age , a the Mid Bronze , and a part of the wall ,had proceeded .
The inhabitants quitted the hill to the next village that carries its name . The digs were resumed in / 1985 / by a co-expedition of the General Office of Ruins  and Musuems and the American University .The successive results yielded good groups of ruins , which go back to different times / Egyptian Presian / , Phoenician letters ( 2 pcs ) , a silver coin , and number of Bronze coins . Also , it yielded the wall , whose history might be defined by strate-graphy , that is connected to the inner side of the hill , parts of fictile statues which represent priest's head of different from , and go back to the Iron Age / 7 9 / century B.C , fictile vessels from the Bronze Age / 14 / century B.C , and land marks of a palace from the / 11 / century B.C . whose walls are built of sandstones and adobe , covered by daub , then by sea shells , and this is a unique phenomena which appears for the first time in the area . Also , fictile cups and colored incense vessels, which were found , were used in the temples , and they are from the / 13 14 / century B.C . This refers that there was a temple . The remains of its walls , also , are pixed by huge sandstones , and of a paved surface which indicates the existence of an important building . The future digs will uncover these land marks ,reveal them clearly , and show the history of this area and   its contribution in the chain of the human rise and development .
The reference books :
- Archaeological digs seasons : Dr. Laila Badr .
- The Study of Homs gap : Talman .
- The study of Homs gap : Jan Sabon .
- The archaeological annuals : Vol . 36 37 .
It is one of the biggest hill in the area , which forms a joint among the archaeological hills / Araka Al jamous . / . And over topped by Hellenistic parts , and some Roman and Hellenistic coins .
Tal Basis
It is one of the biggest hill in the area , which forms a joint among the archaeological hills / Araka Al jamous . / . And over topped by Hellenistic parts , and some Roman and Hellenistic coins .
Dr. Talman made some digs in / 1987 / , making use of a water well / digged in 1985 / . His work was in the / 2 3 4 / old Bronze layers .
And he got a collection of good ficitile parts which are kept in Tartous museum . Also , he found buildings' bases , a wall , and a ground of daub . He reached the Neo-Lithic layer , and this is an important civilizational discovery of the area . Wide digs are awaited to uncover the history of this area and its contribution to the humanity .
- / 29 29,8 m / level goes back to the end of 15th century and the beginning of the 14th century B.C .
- / 29.8 32.4 m / the house from the 3rd Old Bronze .
- / 32.4 35.7 m / 4th Old Bronze levels .
- / 35.7 36.2 m / 1st mid Bronze .
- / 36.2 37 m / 2nd Mid Bronze .
 
The reference books :
The study of Homs
gap Tal Basis : Dr 
talman .
 

 

The natural site of Tal Kazal area between Lebanon mountains and Lattakia mountains , penetrated by the great river, Al-Abrash river ,

hill ) south of Homs .  It controls the crossing ways and the borders area.The control mission was so hard for the far central government and Somor had to catch the chance in order to play a major role and have the commercial utility benefiting from its site like any local country .
It seems that the tumular country of this area was the site of Amoro Kingdom , and this is known from the royalist chancery of Al-Amarnah Egypt . The Hittite chancery in bogazkoy ( The Anatole ) , and in Uagrite chancery between the two empires (The Egyptian and Hittite ) . The activities of Amoro kings were so important , for instance , we read in Al-Amarnah hill letter ( No . 101 ) , that Pharaoh Amonophis the 3rd   addressed  Amoro Abid Ashirta , the Amorite sagamore , to assign him the mission of protecting the interests in Syria . Probably , the later had the chance to enlarge his regions , political , and economical weight from Somor to Byblos gates . His son Aziro had followed the same policy. He became more and more independent , enlarged his regions and power , outnumbered his raids and allieds from Ugarite  to Saidoun along the coast , also inside the country , and had destroyed the unaligned city of Somor before his surrender to Shobilolima, the Great Hittite tyrant .
And when the Pharaoh of Egypt asked him to rebuild it , Aziro promised to do that in a year , but the pressure of the enemies on him was so hard . This Kingdom moved to authority of the Hittite empire about / 1350 / B.C. till its end about / 1200 / B.C .
Somor had reached it utmost abilities in the political and economical development through its fleet , overseas relations , or using new area of woody hill for agriculture . By doing this , it made a new way . Consequently , this helped to double the relations with the internal Syrian cities . So , it was really the major site in the area even before the appearance of the Modern Egyptian Kingdom . By its fall , a new division happened in its contestant area. So, the sea- lanes became under the authority of Arwad , and the caravans' ways in Amoro hands . And it had a little importance during the AsSyrian era , flourished during the Persian era , became subject to Arwad when Alexandar came , had a civilizational level during the Hellenistic era , declined during the Roman era,and became a military station for watching without any important buildings . It was eradicated Just as a lot of the distributed ports along the Phoenician coast such as Arwad , Carna and Maratos . The small towns vanished on the behalf of the big cities . Consequently , Tartous city came into existence.
Archaeological digs were done at Tal Kazal in / 1956 / by Mr. Donan jointly with the General Office of Ruins and Musuems ( Prof. Nasseb Salibi ) .
Immediately , the Hellenistic layer appeared with its fictile fractions , then the  Iron Age with fictile vessels,then the Modern Bronze layer . And fictile fractions decorated by black and red linear decorations ,appeared.The appearance of the fractions,the Phoenician and Cyperian vessels , fractions of priest' head from the Presian era , the ( 1st and 2nd ) Iron age , a the Mid Bronze , and a part of the wall ,had proceeded .
The inhabitants quitted the hill to the next village that carries its name . The digs were resumed in / 1985 / by a co-expedition of the General Office of Ruins  and Musuems and the American University .The successive results yielded good groups of ruins , which go back to different times / Egyptian Presian / , Phoenician letters ( 2 pcs ) , a silver coin , and number of Bronze coins . Also , it yielded the wall , whose history might be defined by strate-graphy , that is connected to the inner side of the hill , parts of fictile statues which represent priest's head of different from , and go back to the Iron Age / 7 9 / century B.C , fictile vessels from the Bronze Age / 14 / century B.C , and land marks of a palace from the / 11 / century B.C . whose walls are built of sandstones and adobe , covered by daub , then by sea shells , and this is a unique phenomena which appears for the first time in the area . Also , fictile cups and colored incense vessels, which were found , were used in the temples , and they are from the / 13 14 / century B.C . This refers that there was a temple . The remains of its walls , also , are pixed by huge sandstones , and of a paved surface which indicates the existence of an important building . The future digs will uncover these land marks ,reveal them clearly , and show the history of this area and   its contribution in the chain of the human rise and development .
The reference books :
- Archaeological digs seasons : Dr. Laila Badr .
- The Study of Homs gap : Talman .
- The study of Homs gap : Jan Sabon .
- The archaeological annuals : Vol . 36 37 .
It is one of the biggest hill in the area , which forms a joint among the archaeological hills / Araka Al jamous . / . And over topped by Hellenistic parts , and some Roman and Hellenistic coins .
Tal Basis
It is one of the biggest hill in the area , which forms a joint among the archaeological hills / Araka Al jamous . / . And over topped by Hellenistic parts , and some Roman and Hellenistic coins .
Dr. Talman made some digs in / 1987 / , making use of a water well / digged in 1985 / . His work was in the / 2 3 4 / old Bronze layers .
And he got a collection of good ficitile parts which are kept in Tartous museum . Also , he found buildings' bases , a wall , and a ground of daub . He reached the Neo-Lithic layer , and this is an important civilizational discovery of the area . Wide digs are awaited to uncover the history of this area and its contribution to the humanity .
- / 29 29,8 m / level goes back to the end of 15th century and the beginning of the 14th century B.C .
- / 29.8 32.4 m / the house from the 3rd Old Bronze .
- / 32.4 35.7 m / 4th Old Bronze levels .
- / 35.7 36.2 m / 1st mid Bronze .
- / 36.2 37 m / 2nd Mid Bronze .
 
The reference books :
The study of Homs
gap Tal Basis : Dr 
talman .
 
 

 

Amrit  

1-Art in Amrit The coins of Amrit The Religion 

 2-Amrit Ruins The Temple   Amrit Hill   The Rock House   The Mauseleums

  3- Azar Vaults Al-Buzzak Tower Al-Buzzak Tower  Rom  Al-Zaha     The Port 

4-Water Tunnels The stone Wall   Kherbet Allebneh  The Human Settlement

 5-Tal Kazal 

 Ramat Al- Bassah / Hamad Land /Tal Almontar Tabet Alhamam Samerian Hill

 Tal Leha 

Amrit

Art in Amrit

Azar Vaults 

Amrit Ruins

Tal al kazal

Water Tunnels

 

 

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