first light of history, Syria has been a crossroads of civilization and
the cradle of
Syria has represented and bridged the cultures of Eastern
Mediterranean Sea, and the outset of Silk Road connecting West with
Syria was here in Mari and Ugarit , where AsSyrian, Sumerian,
Phoenician, Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek and Roman empires and
cultures met and Interactioned
In Syria, Man discovered the mysteries of Agriculture, Metallurgy, and
contrived the foremost alphabet
Religions, philosophies, language of
trade, systems of urban development; all were developed in the Ancient
capital of Syria, is the world's oldest continuously
inhabited city and was the
major eastern political and cultural center of Roman empire in the times
of prophet Jesus
(pbuh). St. Paul underwent his conversion to Christianity
"On the road to Damascus".
Syria has stunning natural scenery,
rugged mountains, deserts, beautiful swimming beaches, green valleys,
and mountain peaks; perpetually covered with snow.
Throughout Syria there are
magnificent ancient ruins, Medieval castles and fortresses, and
wonderful Islamic mosques.
are here in Syria where history's voice can be heard, where the soil holds the
imprints of the world's oldest civilizations, some dating back to the
fourth millenium BC. The names of sites evoke the story of mankind at
Agriculture first appeared in Syria thousands of years ago, when man
discovered the possibility of growing hundreds of new plants from seed. This
discovery made it possible for civilization, as we know it, to begin. Men
abandoned their caves and began building houses, and establishing settled
communities. They embarked on journeys of self-discovery, observing the
heavens and singing the earliest-known hymns. They tried their hand at
painting and sculpture.
ancient Syria, the secrets of metallurgy were also discovered, the
possibility of hammering bronze and copper into shapes that would serve
domestic, military and aesthetic uses. in Syria At Mari (Tel Hariri) were found
numerous palaces, temples and murals reflecting advanced cultural and
commercial activity. The kingdom of Ugarit (Ras Shamra) in Syria , offered mankind its
first alphabet. and in Syria At Ebla (Tel Merdikh), a royal palace was discovered
containing one of the largest and most comprehensive archives of the ancient
world, dealing with matters of industry, diplomacy, trade, art and
power spread from the Anatolian mountains in the north to Sinai in the
south. It became world-famous for two industries- the manufacture of silk
cloth of gold, and that of finely-Carved wood, inlaid with ivory and mother
of pearls. Today these industries still prosper, with Syrian brocade and
mosaics fashioned according to the artisanal tradition of ancient Ebla.
Syria was the theatre for many conquests, that descended from the Anatolian
mountains or arrived t its shores from the sea. syrian original inhabitants,
migrants from the Arabian Peninsula, settled throughout Syria, in the
Fertile Crescent, and on the Palestinian coastline and the Sinai desert.
They were known as the Akkadians, the Amorites, the Canaanite, the
Phoenicians, the Arameans or the Ghassanids, depending on the time of their
migration and the place of their settlement.
settlers preserved their original characteristics despite the numerous
conquests (Greek, Roman, Persian among others) which they were to
experience. In 636 AD, when Muslim Arab tribes entered Syria from that same
Arabian Peninsula that had given it its original inhabitants, they brought
with them their language, Arabic, and their religion, Islam, both of which
endure in modern Syria today.
Syrian emperors of Rome